College Composition Modular
The College Composition exam covers material that is usually taught in a one-semester college course in composition.
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2019 CLEP Official Study Guide
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CLEP® College Composition and College Composition Modular Examination Guide
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This guide provides practice questions for the CLEP® College Composition and College Composition Modular Exams.
College Composition Modular Exam
The CLEP College Composition exams assess writing skills taught in most first-year college composition courses. Those skills include analysis, argumentation, synthesis, usage, ability to recognize logical development, and research. The exams cannot cover every skill (such as keeping a journal or peer editing) required in many first-year college writing courses. Test takers will, however, be expected to apply the principles and conventions used in longer writing projects to two timed writing assignments and to apply the rules of Standard Written English.
The College Composition Modular exam contains a multiple-choice section that is supplemented with an essay section that is either provided and scored by the college or provided by CLEP and scored by the college. The College Composition Modular exam is available for colleges that want a valid, reliable multiple-choice assessment and greater local control over the direct writing assessment. The College Composition Modular exam contains approximately 90 questions to be answered in 90 minutes and, if the essay section provided by CLEP is chosen, two essays to be written in 70 minutes. Some colleges may opt to provide their own locally scored writing assessment or some other assessment or evaluation.
The exam includes some pretest multiple-choice questions that will not be counted toward the candidate's score.
Knowledge and Skills Required
The exam measures test takers' knowledge of the fundamental principles of rhetoric and composition and their ability to apply the principles of Standard Written English. In addition, the exam requires familiarity with research and reference skills. In one of the essays, test takers must develop a position by building an argument in which they synthesize information from two provided sources, which they must cite. The requirement that test takers cite the sources they use reflects the recognition of source attribution as an essential skill in college writing courses.
College Composition Modular
The College Composition Modular exam allows institutions to administer and/or score test takers' essays themselves. The knowledge and skills assessed are the same as those measured by the College Composition exam, but the format and timing allow a more extended indirect assessment of test-takers' knowledge and skills. The percentages of exam questions on each topic are the same in both exams:
Conventions of Standard Written English (10%)
This section measures candidates’ awareness of a variety of logical, structural, and grammatical relationships within sentences. The questions test recognition of acceptable usage relating to the items below:
- Syntax (parallelism, coordination, subordination)
- Sentence boundaries (comma splice, run-ons, sentence fragments)
- Recognition of correct sentences
- Concord/agreement (pronoun reference, case shift and number; subject-verb; verb tense)
- Active/passive voice
- Lack of subject in modifying word group
- Logical comparison
- Logical agreement
Revision Skills, Including Sentence-Level Skills (40%)
This section measures candidates’ revision skills in the context of works in progress (early drafts of essays):
- Evaluation of evidence
- Awareness of audience, tone, and purpose
- Level of detail
- Coherence between sentences and paragraphs
- Sentence variety and structure
- Main idea, thesis statements, and topic sentences
- Rhetorical effect and emphasis
- Use of language
- Evaluation of author’s authority and appeal
- Evaluation of reasoning
- Consistency of point of view
- Sentence-level errors primarily relating to the conventions of Standard Written English
Ability to Use Source Materials (25%)
This section measures candidates’ familiarity with elements of the following basic reference and research skills, which are tested primarily in sets but may also be tested through stand-alone questions. In the passage- based sets, the elements listed under Revision Skills and Rhetorical Analysis may also be tested. In addition, this section will cover the following skills:
- Use of reference materials
- Evaluation of sources
- Integration of resource material
- Documentation of sources (including, but not limited to, MLA, APA, and Chicago manuals of style)
Rhetorical Analysis (25%)
This section measures candidates’ ability to analyze writing. This skill is tested primarily in passage-based questions pertaining to critical thinking, style, purpose, audience, and situation:
- Rhetorical effects
- Use of language
- Evaluation of evidence
After completing the multiple-choice section, test takers take the direct writing assessment module based on the policy established by their college. Options include:
- An essay section developed and provided by CLEP that requires test takers to respond to two essay prompts designed to assess the same skills measured in the College Composition essay section. Copies of the handwritten essays are sent to the college designated by the candidate, along with the CLEP Optional Essay Scoring Guidelines.
- An essay/writing assessment developed, administered, and scored by the college.
- Colleges can also choose to associate the College Composition Modular exam score with another assessment or evaluation determined by the college.
Most textbooks used in college-level composition courses cover the skills and topics measured in the College Composition Modular exam, but the approaches to certain topics and the emphasis given to them may differ. To prepare for the College Composition Modular exam, it is advisable to study one or more college-level texts, such as readers, handbooks, and writing guides. When selecting a text, check the table of contents against the knowledge and skills required for this test.
To become aware of the processes and the principles involved in presenting your ideas logically and expressing them clearly and effectively, you should practice writing. Ideally, you should try writing about a variety of subjects and issues, starting with those you know best and care about most. Ask someone you know and respect to respond to what you write and to help you discover which parts of your writing communicate effectively and which parts need revision to make the meaning clear. You should also try to read the works of published writers in a wide range of subjects, paying particular attention to the ways in which the writers use language to express their meaning.
These resources, compiled by the CLEP test development committee and staff members, may help you study for your exam. However, none of these sources are designed specifically to provide preparation for a CLEP exam. The College Board has no control over their content and cannot vouch for accuracy.
- Preparing for the AP English Language and Composition Exam. Some of the materials taught in this AP course may be helpful for CLEP test takers preparing for the College Composition or College Composition Modular exam. They may use this course as a study resource for the knowledge and skills covered by the CLEP composition exams.
Credit-Granting Score for College Composition Modular Exam
ACE Recommended Score*: 50
Semester Hours: 3
Each institution reserves the right to set its own credit-granting policy, which may differ from that of ACE. Most colleges will grant course credit for a first-year composition or English course that emphasizes expository writing; others will grant credit toward satisfying a liberal arts or distribution requirement in English. Contact your college as soon as possible to find out the score it requires to grant credit, the number of credit hours granted, and the course(s) that can be bypassed with a satisfactory score.
The American Council on Education's College Credit Recommendation Service (ACE CREDIT) recommends the awarding of three credit hours, or the equivalent, for a score of 50 on the 90-minute multiple-choice College Composition Modular exam. If colleges elect to supplement the modular version of the exam with optional essays available from CLEP or with a writing assessment of their own, colleges will be responsible for scoring the essays and deciding whether to award additional credits for the essays.
*The American Council on Education’s College Credit Recommendation Service (ACE CREDIT) has evaluated CLEP processes and procedures for developing, administering, and scoring the exams. The score listed above is equivalent to a grade of C in the corresponding course. The American Council on Education, the major coordinating body for all the nation’s higher education institutions, seeks to provide leadership and a unifying voice on key higher education issues and to influence public policy through advocacy, research, and program initiatives. Visit the ACE CREDIT website for more information.