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Introduction to Educational Psychology

Description of the Examination

The Introduction to Educational Psychology examination covers material that is usually taught in a one-semester undergraduate course in this subject. Emphasis is placed on principles of learning and cognition, teaching methods and classroom management, child growth and development, and evaluation and assessment of learning.

The examination contains approximately 100 questions to be answered in 90 minutes. Some of these are pretest questions that will not be scored. Any time candidates spend on tutorials and providing personal information is in addition to the actual testing time.

Knowledge and Skills Required

Questions on the Introduction to Educational Psychology examination require candidates to demonstrate one or more of the following abilities.

  • Knowledge and comprehension of basic facts, concepts, and principles
  • Association of ideas with given theoretical positions
  • Awareness of important influences on learning and instruction
  • Familiarity with research and statistical concepts and procedures
  • Ability to apply various concepts and theories as they apply to particular teaching situations and problems

The subject matter of the Introduction to Educational Psychology examination is drawn from the following topics. The percentages next to the main topics indicate the approximate percentage of exam questions on that topic.

5%
Educational Aims and Philosophies

  • Lifelong learning
  • Moral/character development
  • Preparation for careers
  • Preparation for responsible citizenship
  • Socialization

15%
Cognitive Perspective

  • Attention and perception
  • Memory
  • Complex cognitive processes (e.g., problem solving, transfer, conceptual change)
  • Applications of cognitive theory

11%
Behavioral Perspective

  • Classical conditioning
  • Operant conditioning
  • Schedules of reinforcement
  • Applications of behavioral perspectives

15%
Development

  • Cognitive
  • Social
  • Moral
  • Gender identity/sex roles

10%
Motivation

  • Social-cognitive theories of motivation (e.g., attribution theory, expectancy-value theory, goal orientation theory, intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, self-efficacy, self-determination theory)
  • Learned helplessness
  • Teacher expectations/Pygmalion effect
  • Anxiety/stress
  • Applications of motivational theories

17%
Individual Differences

  • Intelligence
  • Genetic and environmental influences
  • Exceptionalities in learning (e.g., giftedness, learning disabilities, behavior disorders)
  • Ability grouping and tracking

12%
Testing

  • Classroom assessment (e.g., formative and summative evaluation, grading procedures)
  • Norm- and criterion-referenced tests
  • Test reliability and validity
  • Bias in testing
  • High-stakes assessment
  • Interpretation of test results (e.g., descriptive statistics, scaled scores)
  • Use and misuse of tests

10%
Pedagogy

  • Planning instruction for effective learning
  • Social constructivist pedagogy (e.g., scaffolding)
  • Cooperative/collaborative learning
  • Classroom management

5%
Research Design and Analysis

  • Research design (e.g., longitudinal, experimental, case study, quasi-experimental)
  • Research methods (e.g., survey, observation, interview)
  • Interpretation of research (e.g., correlation versus causation, descriptive statistics

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